"If I shut up the heavens and there is no rain; if I command the locusts to ravage the land; or if I let loose pestilence against My people, when My people, who bear My name, humble themselves, pray, and seek My favor and turn from their evil ways, then I will hear in My heavenly abode and forgive their sins and heal their land."      II Chronicles 7:13-14
    Moon Biblical Hebrew Calendar

    Note: Scriptures are quoted in blue.

    What Year of the World Was the Year 2000?

    Adapted from an article by Dr. James Tabor.

    Have you ever wondered what year of the world the year 2000 really was?
    We know it was the Third Year of UHC?
    Maybe it was the Gregorian Year of 2000/2001?
    Perhaps it was the Jewish Year 5760/5761?
    Or was it the Year of the World 6000?
    Keep reading and we will tell you.

    Keep in mind it was written early in the year 2000.

    An estimated television audience of more than 1 billion watched while 1.5 million people crowded Times Square at midnight, December 31, 1999 to usher in the year 2000. It was a worldwide television extravaganza as the "dawn of the Age of Aquarius" 1 showed that it is no longer just a pop '60s catch phrase; it is the serious agenda of millions.

    Everyone wanted a bit of the action as TV specials and books abounded. The 16th-century writings of the French astrologer Nostradamus, who pinpointed the years 1999 to 2003 as a time of great turmoil and transition, are enjoying a revival. 2  Pope John Paul II has declared 2000 a special Jubilee for celebration and reconciliation.

    Technically, the new millennium does not begin until December 31, 2000, with the arrival of the year 2001. For all practical purposes, however, the powerful symbolic value of the round number 2000 has won the day as the beginning of the millennium. Few of us realize, however, that our concept of marking time in 1,000-year segments is rooted in seven verses in chapter 20 of the Book of Revelation of the "Christian Bible." Six times in chapter 20, John speaks of the final 1,000-year period:

    "Then I saw an angel coming down from heaven. ...He laid hold ...on Satan, and bound him for a 1,000 years; and he cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal on him, so that he should deceive the nations no more till the 1,000 years were finished. But, after these things, he must be released for a little while. And I saw thrones ...of those ...who had not worshipped the beast or his image ...and they lived and reigned with Chr-st for a 1,000 years. But the rest of the dead did not live again until the 1,000 years were finished. This is the first resurrection [of the] blessed and holy ...[and] they shall be priests of G-d and of Chr-st, and shall reign with Him a 1,000 years. Now when the 1,000 years have expired, Satan will be released from his prison" (Rev. 20:1-7).
    Revelation's thousand-year period is allegedly the final one thousand years, culminating in the resurrection of the dead and the last great Judgment. 3   However, we must go back to the Psalms, to find the germ of the idea of dividing time into eras or periods of one thousand years. This notion was picked up and made central by early "Christians," who gave it an apocalyptic cast in the New Testament.

    Dividing time into thousand-year segments occurs in Psalm where it is said that:
    Psalm 90:4 "For a thousand years in Your [YHWH] sight are like yesterday when it is past, and like a watch in the night."

    Various ancient Jewish and "Christian" sources have suggested that the Book of Genesis anticipates later divisions of time into millennia. They see an analogy between:
    1) the six days of Creation (Genesis 1:1-31) which are followed by the final seventh day, the Sabbath, upon which ETERNAL rested from His work (Gen. 2:1-3).
    2) the periods of human history that would last precisely 6,000 years, followed by a final seventh "day," or millennium--a final 1,000 years. This final 1,000 years, like the Sabbath day, would be characterized by peace and rest and would be realized in the Davidic Kingdom. The Sabbath has come to mean relief from the toil and domination of satan's evil grasp upon the planet. the word "millenarianism" refers specifically to a "millennial reign of the Messiah"
    4  and more generally to any utopian view of a transformed New Age.

    The notion that because our CREATOR created the physical world in six days and rested on the Sabbath, He would create a New World of spiritual perfection over a 7,000-year period has become commonplace in nearly all churches. In this world of apocalyptic symbolism, six is the number of humankind operating without ETERNAL.   Seven symbolizes the perfection or completion that the Kingdom of ETERNAL will bring (Sabbath rest).

    In Jewish and "Christian" apocalyptic circles, the idea that 6,000 years of human history would unfold according to a divine plan and an ordered sequence, orchestrated by the will of The Mighty One, was compelling. However, it also offered a second, far more alluring possibility--that of calculating when the end would occur!

    After all, if one could determine precisely where one lived in this unfolding sequence of millennia, the idea of the time of the End drawing near would become much more concrete. In addition, that brings us back to the year 1999.  The millennium now ending, the 2nd millennium as dated from the birth of the man from Galilee, is the 6th millennium based on the literal chronology of the Hebrew Scriptures. Let's do the numbers: 5

    Adam to Noah's Flood = 1,656 years
    Flood to birth of Abraham =    454 years
    Abraham to Exodus =    430 years
    Exodus to Jerusalem's First Temple =    480 years
    First Temple to Exile =    393 years
    Exile to rebuilt Temple under Persians =      72 years  
    Total = 3,485 years

    This takes us to the time of the prophets Haggai and Zechariah, and the completion of the rebuilt Temple by Jews returning from the Exile in 516/515 BCE, the sixth year of the reign of the Persian king Darius (Ezra 6:15). That works out to just about 2,515 years ago. Add the numbers together--2,515 years taking us back to the time of Darius and another 3,485 years taking us back to Adam. You guessed it. We are sitting on the cusp of the 5,999th year of world history, based on a literal reading of the Hebrew Scriptures.

    If you are familiar with the traditional Jewish calendar, however, you will immediately spot a problem. According to this calendar, 1999 is the year 5760 since Adam and Eve, rather than 5999. How can we account for this 240-year difference?   The answer is that the traditional Jewish calendar, based on the rabbinic text called Seder Olam, is rooted in rabbinic tradition and theology, not on literal numbers taken directly from the Hebrew Scriptures. The rabbinic chronology results in 163 fewer years and dates the Babylonian Exile to 423 BCE. 6    (This is impossible, according to modern scholarship; we know with certainty that the 19th year of Nebuchadnezzar, when he destroyed Jerusalem, burned the Temple and exiled the Jews, was 587 or 586 BCE).   The rabbis also count Israel's time in Egypt, based on Exodus 12:40, differently from what I [Dr. Tabor] have done above, accounting for an additional difference of 77 years between the rabbinic and "Christian" systems--giving us a discrepancy of 240 years. 7

    In any case, most people do not believe that the world began only 6,000 years ago. They believe that Homo Sapiens existed many hundreds of thousands of years ago. A mere 6,000 years is a blink of an eye against human and planetary evolution. However, there are millions of creationists who do take these numbers as absolutes and who believe that the first human beings with a human soul can be traced back to a literal Adam and Eve around 4000 BCE. But beyond that, there are many conservative Bible believers who fully accept the evolutionary timetable of millions of years for the development of life on this planet (interpreting the days of Creation in Genesis 1 as ages) but nonetheless see civilization (literate humans in Egypt, Sumer and China) as dating only to approximately 4000 BCE. Thus, those who see the chronology in the Scriptures as a metaphor for scientific chronology can still maintain that human history has about run its course.

    What is particularly intriguing about the general chronological scheme of 6,000 years (our year 2000 equals 6000 years after Adam) is that it does not have the slightest relationship to the birth of J-sus. All the numbers are taken from the Hebrew Scriptures. Yet, there is a fascinating correlation between the Hebrew and the "Christian" Calendars. In and of itself, passing the 2,000th year since the supposed birth of J-sus appears to have no significance in the Holy Scriptures or the New Testament. There are no passages in the New Testament that specifically state that the present age is to last 2,000 years.

    The Observational, Scriptural, Hebrew Calendar has Abib 1 as beginning at sunset on April 18, 2000 on the Gregorian Calendar. This first day of Abib will begin the third year of United Hebrew Congregations but in the larger scope of things it will begin the 6000th year of the world from Adam.   What is the significance of this new knowledge? When in the scope of world history does the Time of Jacob's Trouble (Tribulation) begin and end?   Who but ETERNAL, knows what He has planned and when He has it planned to happen:
    Josh. 24:15 (TLB) "However, if you are unwilling to obey YHWH, then decide today whom you will obey. Will it be the gods of your ancestors beyond the Euphrates or the gods of the Amorites here in this land? But as for me and my family, we will serve YHWH."




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    Up1. This "Age" is based upon the procession of the equinoxes,' Dr. Tabor's note.

    Up2. "Nostradamus was born in France in 1503. His major work, Centuries, a collection of obscurely phrased, rhymed quatrains written in French, was published in 1555. The most oft-cited passage is quatrain 10:72: 'The year 1999, seven months, from the sky will come a great King of Terror, he will bright to life the great king of the Mongols. Before and after Mars [war] reigns with good success'" (my [Dr. Tabor's] translation).

    Up3. This is according to Catholic/Protestant theology.

    Up4. See our booklet New Proof of the Messiah.

    Up5.   "Although there are a number of ambiguities in the chronological system that runs through the Masoretic text, these numbers are generally quite easy to come up with from a literal reading of Genesis 5, 11,25; Exodus 12:40; 1 Kings 6:1; the Exile and Return as described in 2 Kings 25 and Ezra; and passages chronicling the reigns of the kings of Judah.   However, the writings of Josephus and of the Septuagint give very different numbers throughout." Dr. Tabor's note.

    Up6.  "There is a theological reason the rabbis collapse their history and lose 163 years during the Persian period.   They insist that there were only 490 years between the fall of the First and Second Temples, based on how they interpreted the "70 weeks" prophecy of Daniel 9:25-27; a period they maintain ended with the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans in 70 CE, and not with the coming of 'J-sus' as Messiah, as 'Christians' were interpreting it." Dr. Tabor's note.

    Up7. It is worth noting that some mystical Jewish sources still find significance in this 20th century of the "Christian" era, although they accept the year of the world as 5760, based on the standard Jewish calendar. The Zohar predicts that "in the year 600 of the sixth millennia [5600 on the Jewish calendar, or the year 1840] the gates of wisdom from above and below will be opened to [begin] to rectify the world to prepare it to enter into the seventh millennium" (1.117A).
        This analogy, comparing a thousand years to a day, means that 1999--still 240 years from the seventh millennium on the Jewish calendar--is just "hours" before the arrival of the cosmic seventh millennium or Sabbath. Just as pious Jews prepare for the Sabbath each week several hours before sundown, the events of the late 20th century (especially the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948 and the Six-Day War in 1967) are seen as just such a Sabbath preparation--the "footsteps of the Messiah," as it were, Dr. Tabor's note.
         By such a cosmic measure, 1999 would be equivalent to the Friday afternoon of human history, about five hours before sunset! Ironically, one mystical rabbi of the 15th century, Abraham Azulai, actually ascribed significance to the precise year 5760 (1999 CE!). He reasoned that the measure of the world is the same as the measure of the mikveh (ritual bath), 40 seah. A seah is 144 eggs (these are Talmudic measurements of volume), and 40 times 144 equals 5760. Writes Azulai: "Thus the length of days of this world shall be 5760 years. Then, shall the world be renewed. For as the mikveh purifies the unclean, at this time, the Holy One, Blessed Be He, will remove the unclean spirit from the world ...but this is only the beginning of the redemption," Dr. Tabor's note.