Line
    "If My people who are called by My name will humble themselves, and pray and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin and heal their land." II Chronicles 7:14;
    Shophar
    Line

    Note: Scriptures are blue.

    Waving a Sheaf of Barley
    by Charles J. Voss.

          ETERNAL worked mighty miracles to bring the Hebrew children out of the land of Egypt in the first month of the Hebrew Calendar, Abib. About the middle of this first month their first born were protected from death as those of the Egyptians died. Notice the next two verses:   (unless noted Scriptures are from the New Kings James Version)
          Exodus 12:1-2 "Now ETERNAL
    1 spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: 'On the tenth day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb...`"
          Deuteronomy 16:1 "Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Passover to ETERNAL your SOVEREIGN, for in the month of Abib ETERNAL your SOVEREIGN brought you out of Egypt by night.

          The English word "Passover" comes from the Hebrew word "pecach" with the common usage as "Pesach" and pronounced peh'-sakh. Gesenius' states that #6453 means "a sparing, immunity from penalty or calamity." It comes from the root word #6452, which means "to pass over, to spare." Since the Egyptians were not spared or protected, all their firstborn of man and beast were killed. However, the firstborn of the Hebrews were spared and thus protected from the sting of death when ETERNAL passed through the land (Ex 12:12). Thus, the night that is usually called "Passover" is actually the "Night of "Protection." You may wonder why this is an important distinction to make. As you read the article, it will become apparent that the true understanding of the "Night of Protection" and the wave sheaf completely does away with any trumped up connection between the true Hebrew Spring Festival and the church in Rome and their "first of the first-fruits savior g-d."

          Strong's states for #6453 'Pesach' "that it is: a pretermission [Web. to let pass or overlook], i.e. exemption [Web. immunity] used only technically of the Jewish Passover (the festival or the victim)."
          I would rather say the "Night of Protection" than "Passover Night" since the word passover is connected by Strong's to the word "victim" and thus opens the door to the "passover lamb" scenario of a dead Galilean. Since it is scripturally unlawful to have a Pascal Sacrifice today, when there is no Temple, remembering the night when ETERNAL rained death through the land of Egypt seems preferred as the "Night of Protection" and you will see there was no "first of the first-fruit sacrificial offering."   It is true that in Egypt, the Hebrews were required to kill and eat a lamb per household and smear some of its blood on their doorpost. However, this does not constitute "a festival or the victim" as Dr. Strong states.

          The English word "Abib" comes from the Hebrew word "'abiyb" (Strong's #24 aw-beeb') "from an unused root which means to be tender; green, i.e. a young ear of grain; hence the name of the month Abib." Thus, the word "Abib" means the month of young, tender, green ears of barley grain showing that ETERNAL identifies "this new moon or new month," as being equated with the time barley is green. Moreover:
    Leviticus 23:9,11 "And ETERNAL spoke to Moses, saying, ... He shall wave the sheaf before ETERNAL, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it."
    Compare that to the Wave Sheaf Offering at the Feast of Weeks and we will see the difference:
    Leviticus 23:20 "The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before ETERNAL, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to ETERNAL FOR the priest."

    Waving a Sheaf during the Days of Unleavened Bread

          The waving of the sheaf during the days of unleavened is somewhat different than the Wave Sheaf Offering at the Feast of Weeks:
    Leviticus 23:9-15 "And ETERNAL spoke to Moses, saying, `Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: `When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf [#6016] of the firstfruits [#7225] of your harvest to the priest. He shall wave the sheaf before ETERNAL; to be accepted [#7522] on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath, the priest shall wave it. 12 And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to ETERNAL. Its grain offering shall be two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering made by fire to ETERNAL, for a sweet aroma; and its drink offering shall be of wine, one-fourth of a hin. 14 You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your CREATOR; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. And you shall count for yourselves from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering: seven Sabbaths shall be completed.'"

          First note that the English word "sheaf" comes from the Hebrew word "omer" (Strong's #6016) and is simply "a dry measure equal to about five pints" or just a little more than one-half a gallon. The English word "firstfruits" comes from the Hebrew word "re'shiyth" (Strong's #7225 ray-sheeth') and simply means "the first" and Gesenius' adds that it is "the beginning or the first of its kind." From Unger's Bible Dictionary, we see it is simply a pile of "substance" that is equal to the amount of manna designated as a daily portion of food:

      Omer (Heb. a heap [pile], Exod. 16:16-36; "sheaf," Lev. 23:10), an ancient Hebrew measure. Its relative value was the one-tenth ephah (Exod. 16:36), and it held about 5.1 pints. It contained the portion of manna assigned each individual for his daily food (Exod. 16:16-20).
          Note that the sheaf (omer) of barley is simply waved before ETERNAL to be "accepted" by Him. The English word "accepted" comes from the Hebrew word "ratsown" (Strong's #7522 raw-tsone') and means "a delight" and Gesenius' adds "to be pleasing, to be acceptable, and to be approved in order to gain favor for them before ETERNAL." This makes sense since the barley grain is in the `budding out stage' is "waved" to "gain favor" from ETERNAL and it is not a "sacrifice offering." The favor that is wanted is for ETERNAL to bless the growing ripening process until the grain harvest begins at the Feast of Weeks.

          It is fitting that the amount of green barley to be waved and blessed was equal to the amount of manna that was portioned to each individual in the forty-year trek to the Promised Land. This was an additional reminder that the Mighty One of Israel brought the Hebrews out of Egypt and would still bless them. There is no connection whatsoever between waving green barley to seek a blessing on the crop and a "first of the first-fruits" sacrificial offering.

          First, the green barley is waved in verse eleven. After that verse twelve states that a male lamb, an ephah of flour (about 1/2 a bushel) mixed with oil, and a 1/4 of a hin of wine (about 1 quart) are offered as a burnt offering for a sweet savor to ETERNAL. Since the barley had just headed and was not ripe, the flour was from the previous year's store because verse fourteen states, "You shall eat neither bread nor parched grain nor fresh grain until the same day that you have brought an offering to your CREATOR." The offering to ETERNAL made from new grain was not until the Feast of Weeks, fifty days later after the grain has ripened.

          The next verses are from the KJV and only the bold face words are translated from Hebrew words, the others are just filler words to make the English flow better:
    Leviticus 23:9-15 (KJV) "And ETERNAL spake unto Moses, saying, 10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf (omer #6116) of the firstfruits: (re'shiyth #H7225) of your harvest unto the priest: 11 And he shall wave (nuwph #H5130) the sheaf before ETERNAL, to be accepted (ratsown #7522) for you: on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf and he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto ETERNAL. 13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto ETERNAL for a sweet savor: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin. 14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your SOVERIGN: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete."

    The Wave Sheaf Offering at the Feast of Weeks

          The Wave Sheaf Offering at the Feast of Weeks is somewhat different than the waving of a sheaf (omer) of green barley during the days of unleavened bread:
    Leviticus 23:16-20 "Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath; then you shall offer a new grain offering to ETERNAL. You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits [#1061] to ETERNAL. And you shall offer with the bread seven lambs of the first year, without blemish, one young bull, and two rams. They shall be as a burnt offering to ETERNAL, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, an offering made by fire for a sweet aroma to ETERNAL. Then you shall sacrifice one kid of the goats as a sin offering, and two male lambs of the first year as a sacrifice of a peace offering. The priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits [#1061] as a wave offering before ETERNAL, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to ETERNAL FOR the priest."

          As we have seen, the green barley was waved the morrow after the Sabbath during the days of unleavended bread to gain the favor of ETERNAL or in other words to be blessed by Him. Notice that on the Feast of Weeks that, two loaves of bread made from flour from the first grain of the harvest are to be offered in the burnt offering. The bread is part of a larger offering that includes seven lambs, one young bull, two rams, their grain offering, and their drink offering which are to be burnt offerings for a sweet savor to ETERNAL.

          Then after that, a sin offering of one kid goat and a peace offering of two male lambs shall be waved along with bread as a wave offering before ETERNAL for food to be given to the priests as their share. The barley waved during the days of unleavened bread could not have been used as food for the priests because it had just headed and was still in the wet watery very green stage. This statement contradicts Jewish tradition that says that the priests ate the grain "parched" which in itself is contrary to Lev 23:14.

          The waving of green grain to seek a blessing is totally different from the offering of bread made from the new grain. Bread made from old grain (last year's store) was offered when the green grain was waved and the Hebrews were instructed not to eat of the new grain until it was offered unto ETERNAL. Therefore, that offering could not be done until the Feast of Weeks fifty days later after the green grain had ripened.

          Referring to Lev 23:16-20 above, the English word "firstfruit" come from the Hebrew word "bikkuwr" (Strong's #1061 bik-koor') and literally means the "the firstfruits of the crop." "Bikkuwr" is from the primary Hebrew root word "bakar" (Strong's #1069 baw-kar') meaning "to burst the womb, i.e. (causing) bear or make early fruit (of woman or tree)." This is different from Lev 23:9-15 above.

          Keep in mind, that the barley had to be budding green before the new moon that begins the month of Abib. Agriculturists tell us that a couple of weeks must elapse between the time of budding and flowering barley and the formation of the embryo new grain to be waved during the days of unleavened bread. Thus, there is always sufficient time between the budding green barley and the formation of the new ears to be waved and blessed. How simple! The green barley always shows the beginning of ETERNAL's first month of Abib and then the firstfruits of this grain is harvested about nine weeks into the New Year.   Therefore, we can see that our CREATOR's calendar is based on observation of watching for the green of barley and then watching for the next big new, full yellow moon.

          The next verses are from the KJV and only the bold face words are translated from Hebrew words, the others are just filler words to make the English flow better:
    Leviticus 23:16-20 "Even unto the morrow after the seventh Sabbath shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto ETERNAL. 17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits (bikkuwr #H1061) unto ETERNAL. 18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto ETERNAL, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto ETERNAL. 19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits (bikkuwr #H1061) for a wave offering before ETERNAL with the two lambs: they shall be holy to ETERNAL for the priest.

          There are many speculations in the Roman church and her protesting daughters as to why there were two loaves. If I had to guess, I would guess that one represented Judah and one Israel, the two nations to be reunited some day under King David.

    When Was the Waving of the Green Grain (Wave Sheaf)?

    Leviticus 23:11 "He shall wave the sheaf (omer) before ETERNAL, to be accepted (ratsown) on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath (#7676) the priest shall wave it.

    Leviticus 23:16-17 "Count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath, then you shall offer a new grain offering to ETERNAL. You shall bring from your dwellings two wave loaves of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour; they shall be baked with leaven. They are the firstfruits [#1061] to ETERNAL.

          Remember that the English word "sheaf" is simply a dry measure of an "omer." In addition, the English word "accepted" comes from the Hebrew word "ratsown" and means "a delight, to be pleasing, to be acceptable, and to be approved in order to gain favor for them before ETERNAL." In addition, note that it is waved the day after the Sabbath (#7676) and that is during the days of unleavened bread.

          Then English word "Sabbath" comes from the Hebrew word "Shabbath" (Strong's #7676 shab-bawth') and means "an intermission i.e. (specially) the Sabbath" and comes from the Hebrew root word "Shabath" (Strong's #7673 shaw-bath') and means "to repose, i.e. desist from exertion" and Gesenius' adds, "to celebrate the Sabbath."

          Jewish tradition states that the first two days of the days of unleavened bread are High Days and the wave sheaf is always on the day after the first day of the Jews Passover. This is inaccurate because the first day of unleavened bread is the "Night of Protection" (passover) on the fourteenth of Abib, which is a workday and the High Day on the fifteenth is the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. (If that is confusing to you see our article "Pesach Time Line Chart")

          The fifteenth of Niacin (Jewish calendar), is the day the Jews traditionally do their "Wave Sheaf Offering" always resulting in the Feast of Weeks being on Sivan sixth (Jewish calendar). If the Feast of Weeks is always on the sixth of the month, it would be a waste of effort to state how to count it and it always end up on the same day of the same month. The reason for counting is that the waving of the sheaf (omer) varies on the day of the month as the Sabbath during the days of unleavened bread varies on the day of the month. The Sabbath is always the seventh day of the week. The wave sheaf and the Feast of Weeks are always on the first day of the week but we must count to determine which day of the month the Feast of Weeks occurs.

    Where is Abib Mentioned in the Hebrew Bible?

    The story of the Exodus relates:
    Exodus 13:3-4 "And Moses said to the people: `Remember this day in which you went out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand ETERNAL brought you out of this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten. On this day you are going out, in the month Abib."

          To commemorate that the Hebrews left Egypt in the first month of the year, which is Abib, we are instructed to celebrate the "Night of Protection" and the Feast of Unleavened during the first month of the year. Note that we are commanded:
    Deuteronomy 16:1-2 "Observe the month of Abib, and keep the Pesach to ETERNAL your SOVEREIGN, for in the month of Abib ETERNAL your SOVEREIGN brought you out of Egypt by night. Therefore you shall sacrifice (#2076. zabach, zaw-bakh') the Pesach to ETERNAL your SOVEREIGN, from the flock and the herd, in the place where ETERNAL chooses to put His name. 2

          Strong's states that #2076 zabach (zaw-bakh') a primary root to slaughter an animal (usually in sacrifice). Notice the action of the verb is "slaughter" not "sacrifice." However, if the slaughter is referring to a sacrificial offering "zabach" is used in conjunction with "zebach" (#2077 zeh'-bakh) such as in:
    Genesis 31:54 "Then Jacob offered (#2076 zabach) sacrifice (#2077 zebach, zeh'-bakh) upon the mount, and called his brethren to eat bread: and they did eat bread, and tarried all night in the mount.

          Strong's states that "zebach" (#2077 zeh'-bakh) is from #2076; prop. a slaughter, i.e. the flesh of an animal; by impl. a sacrifice (the victim or the act). Gesenius' clarifies the situation by showing that #2076 is:

      "1) To slaughter animals 2) specially to slay in sacrifice. It is not used as priests slaying victims but of private persons who brought sacrifices at their own charge."
    In addition, he states that #2077 is:
      "1) A slaying, hence the flesh of slain animals, the feasts 2) a sacrifice, an offering, a victim."
    Therefore, we see that not all animal slaughters involved a sacrifice but all sacrifices involved the animal be slaughtered.

          Abib is also mentioned in two other places:
    Exodus 23:15 "You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread (you shall eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in the month of Abib, for in it you came out of Egypt...)"
    Exodus 34:18 "The Feast of Unleavened Bread you shall keep. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the appointed time of the month of Abib; for in the month of Abib you came out from Egypt."

    What is Abib?

          Abib indicates an early stage in the development of the barley crops. This is clear from the devastation caused by the plague of hail as stated in Exodus chapter nine. In Ex 9:23-25 at Moses stretched out his hands and ETERNAL sent hail upon the land of Egypt. The hail was so intense that it broke all of the herbs in the field and broke every tree. Then it is stated that:
    Exodus 9:31-32 (Tanakh) "And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear (abib), and the flax was bolled. But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up".

          The English words "were not grown up" come from the Hebrew word "'aphiyl" or "afilot." Strong's (#648 aw-feel') states it is the same as #651 which Strong's says means, "to set as the sun or dark." Now I ask you, why were the wheat and rie in the dark and not hurt by the hail? Simple, they were still in the ground and had not sprouted yet as they sprout a couple of weeks after barley.

          The next plague on the scene was the one of the locusts that ate anything left that was green (see Ex 10:1-5).   Soon following the locusts was the three-day plague of darkness and then Pharaoh again hardened his heart and told Moses that the next time he saw Moses face then Moses would die (Ex 10:28). Shortly after that ETERNAL told Moses that all the first born in Egypt would be killed in the final plague (Ex 11:4-7).   Notice the next two Scriptures references Exodus nails down the time frame. Chapter 12 begins with ETERNAL telling Moses and Aaron that this month was the first month of the year to them and then He gives the name of that first month:
    Exodus 11:4-5 "Then Moses said, "Thus says ETERNAL, 'About midnight I will go out into the midst of Egypt. And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sits on his throne, even to the firstborn of the female servant who is behind the handmill, and all the firstborn of the animals.'"
    Exodus 12:1-2 "Now ETERNAL spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, `This month shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you.'"
    Exodus 13:3-4 "And Moses said to the people: `Remember this day in which you went out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand ETERNAL brought you out of this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten. On this day you are going out, in the month Abib."

          Since the first Full Moon after the barley is abib or the green ear, is the first of the first month shows that the last four plagues occurred in a two or three week period.   The green barley was smitten and the next Full Moon was the first of Abib and on the fifteenth of that month, the Hebrews left Egypt.

          Would ETERNAL set apart the Sabbath as a certain day of worship, put His blessing on it (Gen 2:1-3), make it A SET APART TIME, command that it be KEPT AS A SET APART TIME FOREVER, and then let that consecrated time become so lost, that we cannot tell when to keep it?   Would He set up a system of Festivals and make them appointments for us to keep with Him and allow that, they not be known in the end time?   Would He set up for the Hebrews a day to wave a sheaf of barley before to receive a blessing on the crop and allow that meaning to be lost.   Would He allow the meaning of that day to become identified with a false savior and NOT LET THAT BE KNOW IN THE END TIMES?

          No, He would not, THE SET APART TIME HAS NOT BEEN LOST! In addition to that our loving CREATOR has, in these last days revealed to us the true Full Moon, New Month Calendar. The Observational Hebrew Calendar is the key that unlocks the true faith of Abraham, the Abrahamic Hebrew Faith. We keep the Calendar as the Fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob kept it; as Moses and King David kept it.

          TIME LOST?   Then you and I are LOST SOULS, for it is SIN to profane ETERNAL's Sabbath and His Festivals!   It is also a SIN to worship false saviors.   The Sabbath is proof of His Creation, it is proof of Him.   In addition, the waving of a sheaf of barley during the days of unleavened bread is proof that ETERNAL is the only Savior (Isa 43:11-12; 45:21; Hos 13:4), the only Rock (Deut. 32:4; 2 Sam 22:2-3; Isa 44:5-6,8; Hab 1:12), and He is only one being (Deut 4:35; 2 Sam 7:22; Ps. 73:25) The One True CREATOR, ETERNAL our SOVERIGN, The Mighty One of Israel.

    In summary, we have seen that:

    1. The night ETERNAL passed through the land of Egypt killing the firstborn but sparing the Hebrews is better named the "Night of Protection."
    2. The word "abib" means the month of green ears.
    3. The waving of a sheaf of green barley during the days of unleavened bread is to seek a blessing for the crop. In addition, it is not a sacrifice offering and in no way can it be construed to be a "first of the firstfruit offering."
    4. The green barley sheaf is waved on the day following the Sabbath during the days of unleavened bread.
    5. The waving of the two loaves at the Feast of Weeks constitutes part of a larger offering.


    Line

    [ The Hope of Israel Main Page ]

    [ Where YHWH Places His Name and Why? ]

    Line

    Footnotes

    Up1. We will use ETERNAL in place of "the Lord" and CREATOR, SOVEREIGN, or Mighty One in place of "God."

    Up2. See our article "Where YHWH Placed His Name and Why?





    Mac