Israelite Claims to the Americas
by Walter Baucum
Central and South America
Although not correctly interpreted as such by most modern historians, both the Hebrew Scriptures and history show that our English-speaking peoples today are the inheritors of the Covenant Promise to old Abraham. Abrahams lineage goes all the way back to Shem, the son of Noah who fathered the Sumerian "sudden civilization" that became worldwide in its scope. Through Joseph, Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham, America became our inheritance of that Covenant Promise. But did we have a prior claim to this land before this promise to Abraham? The Sumerians [Shem] were in the Americas almost from the very beginning, lending overwhelming credence that America has always been our land. In this chapter, we will take a look at evidence of Sumerians in Central, North, and South America.
There is a translation of the cuneiform in a section of the Fuente Magna [a votive clay water trough]. "The translation is: The L-rd of Serenity with the light gathers and herds together the large animals and the goats and the kids (weakened by lack of fodder, or wandering in search of food) to the open fields for rest. (In this context, "rest" appears to mean slaughter, for sacrifice or butchery, and to convert their hides to leather for apparel)."
"Inference: The central idea of all the scripts of the Fuente Magna is apparently didactic. It seems that Sumerians, or a person or people employing Sumerian script, wished to serve as a guide to the people of the Altiplano to teach them new skills (how to herd goats and guanaco, to tan and manufacture leather, and so forth), to become their spiritual leaders, themselves adopting the role of teachers and priests. If this interpretation is correct, then it would seem that Sumerians were the first rulers and religious leaders of an American people [italics added].
"In this context it is relevant to recall that the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega tells us that the first Inca, Manco Capac, and his spouse, Mama Oello Huaco, instructed the aboriginal people over whom they held sway the arts of cultivating grain and how to tame and domesticate wild animals. This program of instruction was initiated, so Inca Garcilaso declares, as soon as the first Inca entered his South American domain."1
The Sumerian influence and colonization of the areas of Central America must be explored too. The Maya-Olmec Long Count Calendar in Central America began on August 31, 3114 BCE. Its accuracy reflects knowledge of years, seasons, and events that only a people like the ancient Sumerians could possess. The similarity of Mexican, Colombian, and Egyptian pyramids is interesting also. The royal tomb of the Mexican pyramid at Palenque shows the same basic relationship to the overlying pyramid as occurs in the Egyptian pyramids, which pyramid-building knowledge was brought to Egypt from Sumeria.
In Genesis 11:4, we find that the expression, "a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven," can refer to a tower with an idolatrous "temple for heaven" on its top. The Temple of Kukulcan, known as El Castillo, "The Castle," which looks almost identical to some of the pyramids of Sumeria, is just one of many that fits this description quite well.
The origin of maize is intriguing. Michael Coe has studied this grain and remarked that it has no wild form. Speculation as to its origins places it in New Mexico about 2500 BCE. It is not known if the wild teosinte plant became maize [the source of all corn] from a single mutation or if maize became teosinte the same way. With all the agricultural firsts of the Sumerians, especially of their hybridization of wheat in the Tigris-Euphrates area, and added to this their far reaching trading proclivities, it would not be a quantum leap in imagination to believe maize being just one more of their innovations. We have no proof of this, though.
Coe stated that although no wild maize appeared in Mexico until the Early Preclassic period (1800 1200 BCE), tiny popcorn with pod corn characteristics has been found there showing an age of 3000 to 2200 BCE.2 This early date fits the time of Sumerian expansion and diffusion to other continents.
Another writer gives a further hint of Sumerian influence.
"I learned from 22 expeditions to the Cuna Indians, on the offshore San Blas Islands of Eastern Panama, that this tribe has a Turning Tree of Life religion similar to that of ancient Sumeria 3400 BCE. Like Ishtar, the Cuna Earthmother bears in her womb a Tree of Life on which grow plants, animals, and man. It also bears the Golden Apples of Immortality. One must obtain permission from the Cuna Earthmother to pick the apples. The Tree is guarded by a dog, corresponding to Cerberus, that must be appeased before the Golden Apples (Olo Wini) can be picked. As in Sumeria, Ishtar had to carry a leafy branch from the Tree of Life (the Golden Bough) in order to be able to return to the surface of the earth, so the Cuna High Priest (Kantule) must break off for protection a golden branch so freshly developed that it has no chlorophyll (so freshly developed, say the Cunas, that no bird has yet sat upon it). [The Babylonians inherited the Sumerians civilization and injected their false pagan religion into it.]
"But did the ancient Sumerians really ever get to America? Sargon of Agade, his son Menes, and his grandson Naram Sin all wrote on clay tablets that they had sailed to the Sunset Land, and there founded colonies. The Fuente Magna was found near the Bolivian shore of Lake Titicaca, bearing an invocation to the gods in ancient Sumerian.
"The Cunas originally lived in Columbia that borders on Peru. Evidence also comes from 74 words of native Peruvian that have identical or similar sounds and meanings with words in Sumerian. A list of 42 cultural identities or similarities in culture have been described for Peruvian and Sumerian.
"Tracing Cuna relgious symbols such as the placental spirit guardian dog, the itinerary of the Soul Boat, the labyrinth of the Underworld, the Amniotic Water of Life, the small Tree of Life symbol, the swastika, and the snake-entwined medicine cane, lead back to Sumeria, Troy, Knossus, Egypt, and Mohenjo Daro."3
Many coins found in North America and South America show pre-Columbian visitations by many peoples. "But vastly more impressive than even the numismatic evidence is that which has begun to accumulate in the epigraphic field. For whereas our sporadic coin finds inferred the pre-Columbian presence of Phoenicians and Hebrews, inscriptions have already added Berbers, Arabs, Basques, Celts, Scandinavians, Hindus, and, most recently, Sumerians. Isolationist students naturally look upon all this rather unhappily, for they know that their old monopoly on Native American studies is irrevocably broken, and that they lack the necessary schooling in Old World languages and scripts to keep up with the pace of developments. And so we have the unedifying spectacle of American professional scholars lampooning Barry Fells discovery and translation of Old Libyan inscriptionsdespite the fact that these same discoveries and inscriptions have been heralded by Libyan scholars themselves. And we no longer hear anything about the Smithsonian Institutions Cherokee stone, now that it has been deciphered by Cyrus Gordon and its script identified as second century CE Hebraic. Anent, it is interesting to note that Dr. Davies [referring to Nigel Davies Voyages to the New World, William Morrow, 1979] omits all mention of this celebrated inscription though he is clearly familiar with the work of Dr. Gordon and does not spare him the ritual innuendoes."4
Paul Teslas research on pre-Columbian diffusion revealed interesting parallels between the languages and houses of old Akkadian and modern Eskimo.
"The Tell Halaf roundhouses have been found empty; consequently, they yield no information regarding their use. However, similar reed constructions are known from modern Iraq, where they are used to conduct municipal affairs. In this respect they resemble the roundhouses of the Pomo Indians of California. It is probable that the Tell Halaf peoples spoke either an Anatolian or Akkadian language. To have survived to the present in Iraq, they must eventually have been used by its Akkadian-speaking population; this is important for the reason that the Akkadian word for an enclosure, igaru, is linguistically identical with Eskimo igalu, house."
Tesla mentioned other discoveries that would indicate Sumerian influence or settlement in Central and South America. "Fells researches have proved beyond doubt that Old World cultural diffusion is not merely a side-issue in Native American studies, but a relentless and ubiquitous phenomenon. The discovery at Huace Prieta of cotton hybridized from the Old World variety would push back its beginnings at least to 2,900 BCE (rectified carbon-14 date), and from this it is not much of a jump to the first, tentative shoots of civilization (3,300-3,200 BCE) in Colombia and Ecuador."5
Dr. Barry Fell was recognizably the worlds foremost epigrapher before his death.
Around 1200 BCE, on the Gulf Coast between the Paploapan River and the Tonala River in present day Mexico, was a land known as Tamoanchan. The first civilization in America was developed by residents now known as the Olmecs. These remarkable people were able to accomplish things not to be duplicated in Mesoamerica for many hundreds of years. These included moving large stones weighing many tons to flat, swampy, humid lowlands, then to carve them into heads, altars, and stelae. They were used to decorate large clay platforms and temples at their ceremonial centers. They carved many smaller objects from stone, including jade, and buried them at the centers as offerings. They made excellent hematite mirrors and polished most small stone items until smooth. As master potters, their ceramic art was much more advanced than their neighbors. Their ceremonial platforms and temples often utilized paving and facing stones, which were drained through a system of stone conduits.
"Olmecs were accomplished architects, engineers, mathematicians, astronomers, priests, leaders, and managers. They developed a system of hieroglyphs and a calendar system. They were great artists, utilizing simplicity, sensual realism, and vigorous and original concepts."6
Right before, or at, 1200 BCE, foreign ships came to this area. The men on board were relatively tall and slender and had beards and large noses. They were mariners and soldiers, and they knew astronomy, mathematics, and military matters. Their own culture had made them familiar with stone cutting, stone polishing, transport, construction, irrigation, organized religion, and hereditary nobility.
Their ability to predict the weather, seasons, and astronomical phenomena gave them the power to organize, train, and utilize the work force required to build and decorate the first Olmec ceremonial platforms and temples. They were the first real unifying force in Mesoamerica [called the sudden appearance of Olmec civilization in full flower right after 1200 BCE].
"R.A. Jairazbhoy and other Americanists have recently submitted evidence which points to Egyptian intrusion into Mexico across the Atlantic during the Ramessid period (ca. 1200 BCE), while other evidence points at pre-Columbian influences with Egyptian-Sumerian associations reaching America by various stages via China."7
"The rulers of the area, the men who created the great Olmec civilization of the San Lorenzo phase, came from elsewherebut we have no idea where. At the time of their arrival the place was already inhabited. This elite class surely must have come from a region where they already knew how to transport huge boulders of basalt."8
Their religion and art bespoke Sumerian influence too. Coe shows a solid clay figurine of a nobleman, found at Isla De Jaina, Campeche, 700-1000 CE, with a goose on top of his head. This is reminiscent of the worldwide religion of the ancient world, much of which is still with us today. "Yea, the Chr-stian goose and Yule cakes were essential articles in the worship of the Babylonian Messiah, as that worship was practiced both in Egypt and at Rome
the goose in Asia Minor was the symbol of Cupid, just as it was the symbol of Seb in Egypt."
This same symbol is also found in India. Another name of this "divine" child (Nimrod) was "corn."9 [Even today the Mayas claim to be the "children of the corn."]
The time of 1200 BCE when this ruling class came is important. They very well could have been [at least partly] some of the Israelite Tribes. The evidence is that some members of the Tribe of Dan separated themselves from their brothers, joined with their cousins Esau, and together with them became the great nautical Phoenician Empire, spreading its rule around the world, begun probably as early as 1400 BCE, but in full swing by 1200 BCE. These Danites very early had delved into Baalism, the worldwide religion that Shem and his progeny had opposed, and which today we find incorporated into most of the worlds religions, including Chr-stianity.
These Danites practiced everything evil, including human sacrifices. This probably is why they became estranged from their other Israelite brothers, centuries before the captivity of Northern Israel in 722 BCE. "Many of the Catholic rituals taught to the Maya were already familiar to them, to the great surprise of the early missionaries. The Maya practiced baptism in water, confirmation, fasting, and sexual abstinence before rituals. They incensed and dressed their idols just as the friars would later ask them to do for the statues of the saints. The cross was a familiar ikon, used in Maya hieroglyphs that refer to celestial bodies and appearing in the form of the World Tree on the tomb of Pacal at Palenqua. When the friars explained that the cross was the sign of G-d, who had died on the Tree of Good and Evil and now lives in the heavens, the Maya accepted it as another version of a story they already knew."10
"Olmec art was clearly the product of an urban type of society, of an intellectual aristocracy
could predict the weather by their knowledge of astrology and use of the calendar, induced a cult of deities of rain, sky, and earth, and with it a form of incipient theocracy by which they dominated a large population of peasant serfs
it was a system that later prevailed all over Middle America and replaced the simple communalistic system of small autonomous peasant villages."11
Dr. Ignacio Bernal, Director of the National Institute of Anthropology and History in Mexico City, said, "It is evident that the urban civilization of Mesoamerica was essentially aristocratic." [This is reminiscent of Hyksos, or "shepherd kings," shown in a later chapter to have been Israelites.]
He further says that "
the very creation of this urban civilization among the Olmec and its continuation through other cultures seem to be the work of this elite, created by this minority, known only to it, and enjoyed almost exclusively by it."12
Another author says, "Olmec society must have been authoritarian and hierarchized: at the bottom, an essentially rural population subject to tribute and forced laborthus supplying the manpower for the enormous public works projects that were carried out; at the top, probably an elite of magician-priests, observers of the stars, skillful manipulators of their hematite mirrors, worshipers of the jaguar-baby, and city planners and architects as well
who celebrated previously unknown rites centered on a god with feline features, must have seemed semi-divine, at once admirable and awesome."13
Nimrod [Hebrew Nimr rod "Leopard Tamer] was worshipped as Ninua, the child in his mothers arms. Leopard skin dress was indispensably a part of the sacred robes of the high priests of the universal religion. In the New World, the jaguar-baby was substituted for the leopard. Phoenicians derived their mythology from Assyria, i.e., Babylonia. This Nimrod Jaguar-babys worship was spread into all nations on earth, including the western continents.
Most historians believe that the Olmecs became the Mayas, although a few believe that the Mayas became the Olmecs. There were two different social classes of people living together: the squat, dwarfish, flat-nosed personagesvassals, and the refined, aquiline, and often bearded peoplethe elite.
"This former is the Olmec type, well-formed bodies tending toward obesity, slanted eyes that are puffy and have the epicanthic fold, a short wide nose, mouth with thick lips and corners turned downward, a prominent jaw, and a short heavy neck. Another type is the fine-nosed and thin-lipped, corresponding to taller individuals. These elite Olmecs were bearded men, whereas the Olmec type was smooth faced, with scant hair on face or body, brown skin and dark eyes, and straight, dark hair."14
After the Spanish conquest, "Father" Sahagun recorded some of the native verbal history in the Nahuatl language:
"Behold the story which the old people told--legendary arrival of the ancestors of the Mexican people from across the water, making a landing at what is now northern Veracruz, followed the coast line south, coming to Tamoanchan. Among them were wise old men who had all the writings, the books, (and) the paintings in their possession.
"Then one day they left Tamoanchan, carrying these and an image of their god with them. The people were left desolate, but four of the old men who had been left behind counseled together and decided to carry on the torch of civilization by themselves. Then they devised the book of days (the 260-day count), the book of years, the count of years, the book of dreams. Eventually Tamoanchan was abandoned. And they departed from Tamoanchan. Offerings were made at a place named Teotihuacan. And there all the people raised pyramids for the sun and for the moon. There follow descriptions of the successive civilizations of Teotihuacan, Toltec, Tula, and finally the founding of Aztec Tenochtitlan. These are four successive states since the distant past, which no one still can reckon, with Tamoanchan the earliest.
"Tamoanchan means in Mayan, Land of the Bird-Snakethat is, of the Feathered Serpent."15
The Olmecs extended their influence throughout the portions of Mesoamerica that can be identified as those in which civilization flourished during the subsequent classical period. After 300 BCE, their civilization seemed to decline, no doubt as a rejection of the elite class by the peasants; and by 100 CE, examples of art showing Olmec influence are rare. After the disintegration of their society, the Olmec people seemed to have moved to the east and according to Coe: "What had once been the Olmec civilization eventually transformed itself into the Maya civilization. This movement of the Olmec culture to the east into the Mayan country is confirmed by legend, recorded by Father Sahagun, and mentioned previously as the wise old men (the elite) who left the people and went to the east taking the writings, books, paintings, and their god with them."16
This Empire was at its golden age 1000-900 BCE during the reigns of David and Solomon, who had fleets of ships that traveled worldwide. Although Israel was divided after that, the Phoenician Empire [mostly Israelite and also worldwide] continued, declining until 700 BCE when Israel was taken captive. Around the world though it was another 300 to 600 years before it dissolved to almost nothing. Meanwhile, the Israelite tribes who had gone into captivity and not to sea with their brothers became Celts, Vikings, etc., and continued going to America and other parts of the world.
Antiquities of Mexico
Of possible interest to the reader is an article in a pamphlet called Warpath Ministry.
"When the Spaniards came to Mexico and were standing guard on cold nights, they began to wonder who these Indians really were. Some of those soldiers (Bernal Diaz among them) advanced the idea that these Indians might be Jews.
"Among the Spaniards, the Estemadorans in particular had been raised on Roman history and they knew about the reigns of the Roman emperors Vespasian and his son Titus. Both Vespasian and Titus had been governors of Judea and, after suppressing the Jewish rebellion around 70 CE, they sent whole tribes of Jews into exile. The Spaniards
wondered if perhaps these Indians were not descended from those ancient Jews who were exiled from Palestine more than fourteen hundred years before. But how, they asked themselves, would the Jews have got here? Well, the Jews knew how to build ships and it would have been possible to sail across the Mediterranean, through the Strait of Gibraltar, then cross the ocean, wouldnt it? Furthermore, several of the Spaniards came up with an odd fact to support this theory: Indian priests in Zempoala had shown them how the obsidian knivesthe sacrificial kniveswere also used for circumcision, which was known to be a Jewish rite. Ergo, these Indians might be Jews. [Dr. Fell traced many of these fleeing Jews to present-day Tennessee.]
"Antonio de Montezinos, a Marano (secret Jew), while journeying in South America in 1641, (had an) Indian guide (who) greeted him with, Shema Israel (Hear, O Israel). Furthermore, the guide reported that many people of the same origin were living in the highlands near Quito, Ecuador. He also claimed that he met savages who followed Jewish practices. This story Antonio repeated in Holland in 1644 to Manasseh ben Israel, who printed it in his work, Hope of Israel, in 1650.
"Early in the 19th Century, a young member of Parliament, Edward King, Viscount Kingsborough, was struck by the beauty and mystery of a Mexican Indian codex, or manuscript, in the Bodleian Library (that arrived) at Oxford. He exhausted his fortune, and perhaps his life, in attempting to prove that the Lost Tribes of Israel were ancestors of the Indians of Mexico. Nearly half of Adairs book was reprinted by the passionately convinced Kingsborough. He sank the bulk of his fortune into the publication of nine magnificent volumes of Mexican codices, with commentary, entitled Antiquities of Mexico. Twice he was thrown into debtors prison when he was unable to meet the bills of the printers and paper manufacturers; on his release he doggedly continued his publishing efforts. In 1837, imprisoned a third time, he died at the age of 42. His friends insisted that the cause of death was a broken spirit."17
The above and following are questionable as to source, since the name of the Warpath Ministry writer is unclear. Another quote in the same magazine, entitled "Mysteries of Ancient America," by Readers Digest, follows.
"Teoamoxtli, the divine book, as it was called. According to Ixtlilxochitl, it was composed by a Texcucan doctor, named Huematzin, towards the close of the seventh century. It gave an account of the migrations of his nation from Asia, of the various stations on their journey, and of their social and religious institutions, their science, arts, etc., a good deal too much for one book. Ignotum pro magnifico. It has never been seen by a European. A copy is said to have been in possession of the Texcucan chroniclers, on the taking of their capital. (Bustamante, Cronica Mexicana, [Mexico, 1822], Carta 3). Lord Kingsborough, who can scent out a Hebrew root, has discovered that the Teoamoxtli was the Penteteuch. Thus, --teo means divine, amotl, paper or book, and moxtli appears to be Moses, Divine Book of Moses, Antiquities of Mexico, Vol. VI, p. 204, nota [quoting Prescotts Mexico, Vol. I, p. 93].
This appears to be associated more with Aztecs than with Maya. The Nahautl [Uto-Aztecan] language itself has been shown to have many Hebraic-Semitic roots and can be traced to NW Palestine, where parts of the Israelite Tribes of Dan, Naphtali, Zebulon, Asher, and Issachar settled.
Sumerians in Central and South America?
In other words, the Sumerians settled or influenced many early cultures all over the earth, their earliest probably being India [Mohenjo-Daro] and Egypt.
"However, it is from the 26th century BCE that our archaeological picture really becomes interesting. The epicenter of this civilizing earthquake is along the central and North central coast of Peru. Among archaeologists it is called simply Pre-Ceramic 6, with an originating date (by rectified carbon-14 dating) of about 2,500 BCE. For us, its significance lies not in the label, but in the suddenness of its spectacular developments, and their obvious parallels with contemporaneous civilization in the Near East. Civilizations, when they are not imported, proceed by formative, developmental, and classical stages. Thus, the absence of earlier stages preparing the way for the stunning achievements of Pre-Ceramic 6 is in itself quite extraordinary. (Not only that, but) in the temple of Kotosh, the natural order of things is actually reversed: we not only lack earlier stages, but find a technological regression with the additions of subsequent centuries.
"Besides building temples, the people of Pre-Ceramic-6 raised numerous step pyramids and undertook monumental earthworks. At Ceulebras, they terraced an entire hillside and fitted it with stone block facings. And all this has been confidently attributed to a simple fishing community which had no prior training in architecture and even preferred to use old gourd vessels rather than make pots of its own."18
Note that 2,500 BCE is right after the Flood. Shem-ites [Sumerians] Japheth-ites, and Ham-ites, including Nimrods empire, spread out to different parts of the earth. Who, then, were these first people? Maybe these were early Hamites or Japhethites who had migrated there before Nimrod began his [world] kingdom.
Whenever we read that later peoples brought instant higher civilizing influences with them and often became ruling classes, could not these just as likely have been Sumerians sent by Shem to neutralize the pagan religious influences on these people? Living near Shem and the great Sumerian civilization, these Hamite and Japhethite peoples could have copied the advanced cultural, astronomical, navigational skills of the Sumerians, but added their own heathen religion to them. Shem, who chased down and killed Nimrod, the arch rebel against the Almighty, could have sent his people to these indoctrinated peoples to re-educate them to the truth of the Creator.
Do we have any proof of this? Tesla continues.
"Poma de Avala, a 16th century native historian (of Peru), credited the founding of Peruvian civilization to bearded Caucasian instructors from across the sea, and Sarmiento, in his Historia Indica, quotes a Quipo historian as dating this event at 3,519 years prior to the onset of the Incan age. Archaeologists date the onset of the Incan Empire from about 1,200 CE, but native tradition reckons it at somewhere between 550 and 750 CE. Now if we use the mean date of 650 CE, we would backdate the arrival of Old World culture-bearers to 2,869 BCE, just about the time when Old World cotton makes its appearance in Peru.
"The people at this time were still ignorant and uncivilized. They dressed in leaves and straw, and lived in caves and among the rocks. The Ayar brothers founded the Pir-huan dynasty. They taught the people agriculture and the building of houses.
"Traditions also speak of a controversy between Vira Cocha, the (Egyptian?) [more likely Sumerian] founding father, and his flock, on the subject of sacrifices. Vira Cocha
(quoting Poma de Avala) his skin was white, the color of foam, or like pale gold. He was a bearded man
and wore a robe down to his feet, and a mantle. He taught a doctrine of love. Seeing a human sacrifice to an idol shaped like a woman on a hill, he threw down the idol and destroyed the hill. Vira Cocha found a loyal disciple in a chief named Apo Tampo, and through him he taught husbandry and left a gold scepter inscribed with seven laws. But the majority of the people would not listen and so he returned across the sea whence he had come.
to which Poma de Avala adds: The people of the first age (i.e., the first period of Peruvian civilization) were born of white men from overseas and native Indian women."19
While on the subject of Peru, an interesting correlation is found in the Womens Encyclopedia (p. 696). Sumero-Babylonian "mashu" means "Twin Peaks" [in the sense of breasts]. Note the similarity to Macchu Picchu of the Peruvian Incas. Mashu and macchu both meant "Mama."
On a more scientific matter, Berlitz says, "In the vicinity of the village of Ocucaje and Ica, in Peru, a collection of rounded stones totaling perhaps 16,000 and weighing from five pounds up to huge boulders of 800 pounds, has been amassed by Dr. Javier Cabrera, who has about 11,000 of them in his museum. What is unusual about these stones of Ica is that they are covered with incised drawings ostensibly made by carvers of past civilizations. The engraved drawings show people, extant and extinct animals, star maps, the star rings of the zodiac, and maps of unidentified land areas. People are shown using telescopes, looking at the stars, and performing surgery."20
No date is given for the above paragraph, but early Spanish reports tell that some of these stones were sent back to Spain by Spanish explorers in 1562, proof that they are not of recent age.
What are we to make of all this, especially as pertaining to the Sumerians? To speculate, some backward and "heathen" people were settled in Peru almost immediately after the Flood in approximately 2400 BCE. This would conform to the above dates if indeed the archaeologists dating method rather than the native tradition were accurate. The native date of 3,519 years before the onset of the Incan age [1200 CE according to archaeologists] would be about 2,319 BCE, a date which also squares with the supposed date of the Flood.
Since it was Shem through whom YHWH gave His laws and Covenants, we can suppose that Hamites and Japhethites were the original and very backward peoples that inhabited that area. The Vira Cocha person who brought the doctrine of love, and who did away with human sacrifice [a very heathen thing], would strongly appear to be a Shemite [Sumerian]. This supposition would agree with our understanding of the very advanced civilization the Sumerians brought with them to many parts of the earth.
Dankenbring, quoting from the same source (Berlitz, p. 181), mentions that a Danish storekeeper, Waldemar Jusrud, in 1925, found and amassed 33,000 ceramic figurine objects near Acambaro in the Mexican state of Guanajuato, with human figures and [dinosaur-like reptiles and] animals on them. "The human figures show details of dress somewhat resembling those of the ancient Middle East: laced sandals, chain mail, shields, and a variety of weapons.
"Let us now push forward a thousand years. This will take us to the 15th century BCE, a time of major geological disturbances that submerged islands and clipped the edges of larger land masses all the way from the Peloponnesus to India. By the end of the 13th century BCE, Cretan power was irrevocably broken, leaving the way clear for the Phoenicians to reopen their trade with Western Europe
and beyond. One can well imagine the excitement of these merchant seamen, whose traditions extended not merely to Cadiz, but, as perhaps they alone knew, to the great and almost forgotten continent beyond the Sargasso Sea."21
Our contention is that Phoenicians were mostly Israelites who inherited the colonizing and civilizing proclivities of their forebears, the Sumerians. Hundreds of Phoenician inscriptions have been found cut in stone tablets along the banks of rivers in the jungles of Brazil and on the eastern coast of South America, and even more hundreds have been found in North America.
The Phoenician influence seems especially evident among the Maya. The Maya alone of all native peoples of the New World were fully literate. Their script was so well-developed that they could write down anything in their language. The early art of the Olmecs, beautiful in its utter simplicity, is called Danzantes [literally "dancers"], although we make no claim of kinship of that word to the Tribe of Dan.
This art might be associated with the oldest writing in Mesoamerica. At least one Danzantes Olmec bas-relief is bearded, bearded men being both a Sumerian and an Israelite proclivity. Much Sumerian knowledge was passed down through Abraham to the Israelite Tribes.
Sumerians also used the concept of zero, as did the ancient Hindus and Mayas, and were able to make mathematical cosmic calculations of fifteen digits, while younger races had difficulty counting in the thousands.
In some cases, the Sumerians themselves were the first to settle an area. Just as Nimrod developed warfare and conquered some early Sumerian cities in Mesopotamia, so too can we assume that he sent soldiers to conquer some [already established] Sumerian settlements in other areas of the world.
The Sumerians influence on the world was seen in the chapter, "Sumerians: Who Were They?" but this brief glimpse of their influence on other civilizations [or lesser tribes] will give us greater understanding of who they really were, what particular knowledge they gave us, and where this knowledge is today. Some of these people undoubtedly were assimilated into the Akkadian, Chaldean, Babylonian, Assyrian, even Egyptian, peoples. Some might have assimilated on a smaller scale into the Medes and Persians. The greater majority of them, however, can be traced in the Abrahamic lineage given in the Hebrew Scriptures. Some of these ultimately became the children of IsaacEsau and Jacob. Jacob became the father of the Israelites, and it was through one of his sons, Joseph, that this knowledge continued to be passed down, and to whom the Birthright promises were given.
Dr. Hugh Moran, in The Alphabet and the Ancient Calendar Signs, was convinced that the lunar zodiac served as the basis for the Mayas Hieroglyphic writing system. In the chapter on Sumerians, we saw that the calendar of the Israelites was lunar based.
Ancient tribal traditions of Amerindians in the United States taught that their ancestors crossed the great ocean to the east of America to reach this continent. Their children were later bewildered and confused by the conflict between tribal traditions and what they were being taught in school, the much more recent belief of an alleged ancestry stretching back across the Bering Strait to Asia.
In recent years, multiple thousands of Old World artifacts have been found, such as Roman pottery, ancient Welsh armor, Viking axes and swords, and Phoenician, Greek, and Roman coins. Celtic Ogam, Norse Runic, Libyan Berber Tifinag, and Greek, Hebrew, and ancient Basque petroglyph writings are continuing to be found all over North America. What archeologists in our West call "Great Basin Curvilinear" is in fact writingancient Punic, Greek, and Libyan Arabic of North Africausing alphabets that are proper to those tongues. Interestingly, "
the ancient San Telmo Stone of Portugal, believed to have the oldest form of Basque writing on it, was unreadable until Dr. Barry Fell deciphered it, using the Cree Indian alphabet of North America."22
On the West Coast, Arab petroglyphs are numerous in California, Nevada, and Southern Idaho. Numismatists, serologists, historians, and epigraphers are redefining our past. The same giant dolmens, cairns, and menhirs found in Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa have now been discovered in America. Skull types across the continent show mostly the European types east of the Rocky Mountains, with the rounded Asiatic types found west of them. Blood types [serology] reveal an almost totally nonexistent Asiatic type north of Central and South America. Columbus, it appears, was the last person to discover America, and our Western histories, written from a very Romish point of view, might have to be totally revised. The big question is just who were these Celtic, Scandinavian, North African, and Phoenician settlers to America a thousand years before Jesus and two and a half millennia before Columbus?
We will see in the following chapters that many of these early peoples to America were Israelites. The English language itself can be traced through the Celtic and Scandinavian peoples of Europe, back through the Scythians, Cimmerians, Carthaginian-Phoenicians, all the way back to ancient Israel, showing that our present-day English speaking peoples are of Israelite origin.
Also in another chapter, we will show that Hebrew was the original language, the only one not confounded at Babel, and which is [through flux, modification, borrowing] what we call English today. Geoffrey Keating (1570-1646), who wrote The History of Ireland from the Earliest Period to the English Invasion, and translated by John OMahony, New York, 1866, says, "This language the Latin writers call the Lingua Humana, i.e. the Human Language. But when Nimrud, with his kindred, was attempting to erect the Tower, their language was confounded, in order to prevent their finishing the structure which their pride had prompted them to begin; and the original language, received from Adam, was taken from all that were concerned in building it. It was, however, retained by Heber, the son of Selah, and by his tribe, and, from him, it has been called Hebrew."
Sumerians colonized, ruled over, or otherwise influenced North, Central, and South America. Through the progeny and lineage of Abraham and Shem, then, our claim is that at least one of these areasNorth Americais Israelite land. Why not claim all the Americas? It is mainly the English speaking peoples of the United States and the British Commonwealth countries who are the Birthright nations and who have carried on the ancient traditions of the Sumerians.
Later chapters will show that many of the Phoenicians, Greeks, Libyans, Celtiberians, European Celts, and Scandinavian Norsemen who settled at various times in America were Israelites. That America is not only our land today, but also that we have a prior, more ancient claim to it by our Sumerian forebears, has become overwhelmingly evident by modern research.
These, our people, came to this land as rulers, exploiters, and colonizers before Columbus. And they continued to come after Columbus as so-called New World colonists. America is our land by right of the Covenant Promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob [Israel]. This is our past, as mapped out by both Biblical and secular history. It is our destiny as one of the two "Birthright" nations to preserve this "original" knowledge. Will our future be so bright?
[ The History and Future of Israelite America index ]
[ Chapter 3: Phonecia ]
[ The Hope of Israel Main Page ]
1 Marini, Alberto, "A Sumerian Inscription of the Fuente Magna, La Paz, Bolivia," Epigraphic Society and Occasional Papers, (ESOP), 1986, pp. 117-118.
2 Coe, Michael D., Mexico from the Olmecs to the Aztecs, p. 30.
3 Keeler, Clyde, "Old World Influence on the Cuna Culture, ESOP, 1987, p. 16.
4 Tesla, Paul, "Pre-Columbian Diffusion: New Lights and Oldthe General Scene, ESOP, 1987, p. 162.
5 Ibid, p. 162.
6 Athy, Lawrence F., Jr., "Foreign Influences on the Priesthood and Nobility of Pre-Columbian America," ESOP, 1998, pp. 106-107.
7 Kraus, Gerhard, "In Honor of Elliot Smith & William James Perry, Founders of Diffusionist Theory," ESOP, 1986, p. 172.
8 Coe, Discovering the Olmec, p. 89.
9 Hislop, Alexander, The Two Babylons, pp. 101, 102, 162.
10 Fell, Barry, (Ed.), ESOP, 1988, p. 196. [Fell quotes from Walter F. Morris Living Maya (1987; published by Abrams, Inc., New York) under the title, Chr-stian Symbols of the Pre-Columbian Maya.]
11 Covarrubias, Miguel, Indian Art of Mexico and Central America, p. 83.
12 Bernal, Ignacia, The Olmec World, p. 5.
13 Soustelle, Jacques, The Olmecs, the Oldest Civilization in Mexico, p. 191.
14 Covarrubias, p. 77.
15 Coe, Discovering, p. 118.
16 Ibid, pp. 13, 121.
17 Warpath Ministry, quoting Richard Lee Marks Cortes, pp. 89-90.
18 Tesla, p. 165.
19 Ibid, p. 165.
20 Berlitz, Charles, Atlantis, the Eighth Continent, p. 179.
21 Dankenbring, William F., "A New Look at Dinosaurs, Sea Serpents, and "Dragons" in the Time of Man!" Prophecy Flash, 2003, p. 13.
22 McClone, William R., "The Epigraphic Controversy," ESOP, 1986, p. 125.