I overthrew some of you as I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. You were like a burning stick snatched from the fire, yet you have not returned to Me, declares ETERNAL. Therefore this is what I will do to you, Israel, and because I will do this to you, prepare to meet your SOVEREIGN, O Israel. Amos 4:11-12 (NIV)
A Name, a Name, What's in a Name
by Charles Voss
All Scriptures are in blue.
Shakespeare is given credit for saying, "A name, a name, what's in a name? A rose by any other name would smell as sweet." Take note, frankly it does not matter what you call a rose. - - - However, it DOES MATTER what we call the ETERNAL SOVEREIGN CREATOR. He does not like it if we call Him by names used by heathens to name their g-ds. He likes us to call Him by His Name or Title. He does not like it when we refuse and use heathen names.
This article has three parts. First - Do we have or know His Name? Second - a quote from a book on mythology on what are some of the names they use to speak about their g-ds. Third is why the names in the book of mythology are wrong along with all the names that are in common use today.
First - Do We Know His Name Today?
No, we do not, so we will start with that. "Why is the Name of the SOVEREIGN not known." The Name of our SOVEREIGN is not known today because He took it away from the minds of humans. Notice these startling statements. Please read the context in your own set of Scriptures for these verses beginning in Jeremiah 44:1 to get the story flow for these two verses that we will discuss.
Ed Note: It is not our practice to use wrong namers for our SOVEREIGN CREATOR, so we will put them in quotes or insert a dash for the first vowel in the name.
Jeremiah 44:26-29 (Young's). Therefore, hear ye a word of J-hovah, all Judah who are dwelling in the land of Egypt: Lo, I--I have sworn by My great Name, said J-hovah, My Name is no more proclaimed by the mouth of any man of Judah, saying, Live doth the L-rd J-hovah--in all the land of Egypt. Lo, I am watching over them for evil, and not for good, and consumed have been all the men of Judah who are in the land of Egypt, by sword and by famine, till their consumption. And the escaped of the sword turn back out of the land of Egypt to the land of Judah, few in number, and known have all the remnant of Judah who are coming into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, whose word is established, Mine or theirs. And this is to you the sign*--an affirmation of J-hovah--that I am seeing after you in this place, so that ye know that My words are certainly established against you for evil.
*ETERNAL gives this as proof of Scripture, that the Jews do not know His Name. In addition, by this time period, Israel had long since been taken into captivity and did not use or know the Name: thus the Jews were the only ones who had it and it was taken from them and locked up. Therefore, according to Scripture, no one now knows it.
Strong's states that, "Yehovih" (3069), a variation of "Yehovah" (3068) used after Adonay (136), and pronounced by Jews as Elohiym (430), in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound, since they elsewhere pronounce Yehovah (3068) as Adonay (136).
Ed Note: No wonder it is lost! In addition to that, the Jewish people that were in Babylon chose to lose it.
Second - a quote from a book on mythology on what are some of the names they use to speak about their g-ds.
I have known for some time, that the name "Yahweh" was first used by "church fathers" of the church in Rome, but could not remember where or when I had read it. The only material that I had on the subject is a quote from the The Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets by Barbara G. Walker.
"Yahweh"* is the Hebrew name of "God," a vocalization of the Tetragrammaton. It was also rendered "Yah," "Yahu," "Jahveh," "Jahi," or "Jehovah," and has been related to the name of the Canaanite moon deity "Yareah," possibly a female or androgynous form. A male "Yahweh" was married to the Canaanite mother goddess "Anat" at Elephantine1.
*Ed. Note: It is our policy to indicate all incorrect names in quotation to indicate that we are quoting someone else as we do not use false names or names of pagan gods.
The name of "God" pronounced "Jaho," "Iao," or "Ieuw" was applied to "Zeus-Sahazius" as the nocturnal sun: a "Lord" of Death under the earth, like Saturn... His Latin name came from the same roots: Iu-piter, "Father Ieu," that is, "Jupiter" or "Jove2." "Jahi" was also a very ancient Goddess," appearing in Persian scriptures as the maker and seducer of the first man. Like many other "Creatresses," she mated with the primal serpent; she also gave the menstrual "blood of life" to Eve.
1. Hays, 85, 89. 2. Knight, D.W.P., 113
Third is why the names in the book of mythology are wrong along with all the names that are in common use today.
I am forwarding an email that was sent by Nehemia Gordon of the Karaite Jews. We differ primarily on the traditions and which moon phase is the moon phase that begins the first day of the month. However, this is a timely subject and I appreciate his efforts with it.
----- Original Message -----
From: Nehemia Gordon
To: Karaites Forum Sent:
Friday, May 23, 2003 9:38 AM
One of the common reconstructions of the name YHWH is: "Yahweh" pronounced ya-we ('a' as in 'father', 'e' as in 'hell'). This is so widespread that there is virtually a scholarly consensus that this is the "original" pronunciation. However, there is no valid evidence for this pronunciation. It is based entirely on the statement by the "Church Father" Theodoret of Cyros who writes about the name in his Question 15 in Exodus 7 as follows:
The Samaritans call it "IABE" while the Jews "AIA."
Scholars disregard what Theodoret says about the Jewish pronunciation "AIA," because Theodoret is obviously not talking about "YHWH" but about "YAH" (as in Hallelu-yah). But they take his statement about the Samaritan pronunciation as the basis for their reconstruction* of the name.
*Ed Note: We saw above that the Name is unknown because our SOVEREIGN took His Name away (Jeremiah 44:26-28). Now the early church fathers (Rome) and scholars are reconstructing the Name from the word "Yah." of the Arabian language of the Samaritans. I would hope that you see a problem with that process.
A few problems arise here:
First Theodoret is writing in Greek and Greek is wholly inadequate for expressing the pronunciation of the name. Ancient Greek had no H sound in the middle of a word and no means of expressing many of the Hebrew vowel signs. Just look how the Greeks translate Hebrew names in the Septuagint, the ancient Greek Translation of the Tanakh. Yehoyada (father of Banayahu) becomes 'IODAE' while Yehu (son of Nimshi) becomes 'IOU.' So, we can see the Greeks butcher names, especially those with H in them. So, any Greek transliteration of the divine name is virtually useless.
Second one is if Theodoret says he is talking about the Tetragrammaton but then gives us the abbreviation "YAH" when it comes to the Jews, how can we trust him when it comes to the Samaritans? Maybe he messed up the Samaritans as well. Hakham Meir has pointed out that the Samaritans refer to "YHWH" as "Yafe" (beautiful one). In Samaritan Hebrew, this would be pronounced "YAPE" and it is known that the Samaritans often confuse P and B. So "IABE" is probably "beautiful," a common Samaritan appellation for the Almighty.
The third problem, of course, is that the Samaritans are descended from idolaters who worshipped many gods (2 Ki 17). Who knows if "IABE" isn't one of their gods?
Many scholars try to explain the Samaritan that, "IABE/Yahweh" as the piel form of the [Hebrew] verb Hayah "to be." In Hebrew, verbs can be conjugated according to seven "conjugations" or in Hebrew Binyanim. Piel is the third conjugation and often has the "causative" meaning. So, if the root HYH means "to be," then "Yahweh" in the Piel would supposedly mean "he that causes to be." The problem with this explanation is that the verb HYH does not exist in the Piel in Biblical Hebrew! It is a non-existent linguistic form!
This is why the Anchor Bible Dictionary declares: "The pronunciation of YHWH as yahweh is a scholarly guess." (see "Yahweh," Anchor Bible Dictionary, D.N. Freedman, et al, (eds.), New York 1992, vol. 6, p.101).
But what's wrong with a scholarly guess? Who's to say that "Yahweh" is wrong? Here's the problem.
Ed Note: In Isaiah 14;12 the Latin word "Lucifer" is used to hide the identity of the adversary; and here a Latin word is used to substitute the name of a pagan god for our loving ETERNAL CREATOR!
But what's wrong with a scholarly guess? Who's to say that "Yahweh" is wrong? Here's the problem."Yahweh" is the Latin form of "Zeus"! THAT'S RIGHT, in Rome, "Zeus" was called "Jupiter." But Latin changes the form of words based on their function in the sentence. The "oblative" form of "Jupiter" is "IOVE (or IOUE)" pronounced as: "ya-we" ('a' as in father, 'e' as in bell)!
This form of "Jupiter" crept into English in the expression "By* 'Jove (=Jupiter)' I think I've got it." In ancient Latin there was no "J" so the name "Jove" (spelled in Latin "IOVE" or "IOUE") was pronounced "ya-we"! Next time you pray to "YHWH" remember the commandment: Exodus 23:13 "and the names of another god you shall not mention and nor shall it be heard upon your lips" and avoid the name "Yahweh."
*Ed Note: To say, "by 'Jove'" means your are swearing by j-ve, which is swearing by a pagan god.
You can check out the ancient Latin pronunciation at:
<http://www.classicsnet.plus.com/> and see about "Jupiter/ Jove/ IOUE" at:
Well, there you have it, source references and all. I echo Nehemia's statement that the next time you pray to ETERNAL remember the Commandment: Exodus 23:13 "and the names of another god you shall not mention and nor shall it be heard upon your lips" and avoid all "Y or J" names which includes "YHWH."
Then the next question is will we ever know our SOVEREIGN's Name? Yes, we will, jumping forward in time to the end of Jacob's Troubles and all 13 tribes are brought from captivity to the Promised Land.
Isaiah 52:5-6. Now therefore, what have I here," says ETERNAL, "That My people are taken away for nothing? Those who rule over them Make them wail" says ETERNAL, "And My Name is blasphemed continually every day. Therefore, My people shall know My Name; Therefore they shall know in that day that I am He who speaks: 'Behold, it is I.'"
To learn more about the Ancient of Days you must Quest for the Ancient of Days. ETERNAL took His Name away from mankind, but He will give it again. Notice that "shall know" is future tense. We shall know when we are given a new language (see Zephaniah 3:8-9; Jeremiah 16:21; Ezekiel 36:23; 39:7). In the meantime, we must use the best that we have and that is the meaning (transLATION) of His Name which is ETERNAL. This is truth and we just have to live with it--regardless of the yelling and screaming of the Sacred Name people. We do not know the transLITERATION or how to pronounce or spell His Name. But, the meaning of His Name is ETERNAL.
May our SOVEREIGN give you peace and understanding,
Your Hebrew brother,
[ The Hope of Israel Index Page ]